A Comparative Study of Modern and Traditional Concept of Iǧtihād
Dr.Hafiz Muhammad Zubair

In present day, Muslim Umma has been polarized into two groups; traditionalist and modernists. Both, standing on their own ideology, are absolutely refuting each other. In this research, the search question is that is either Iǧtihād said to the addition to Qurʾān and Sunna, modification and amendment in or pursuing Šarīʿa rulings from the depths and vastness of Qurʾān and Sunna? Traditionalist point of view is that whenever any new issue is raised about which there is no clear solution or ruling present in Šarīʿa, then to derive the solution from the depths and vastness of Qurʾān and Ḥadīṯ is called Iǧtihād. Hence, the common idea of both classical and present day traditionalist is that Iǧtihād is said to pursue of Šarīʿa rulings about a newly raised issue into the light of Qurʾān and Sunna whereas according to Modernists ׳ theory of Iǧtihād addition, amendment, modification and reformation of Islamic Šarīʿa is allowed.

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