Inflectional Deviation of Number in the Qur’an
Majed Al-Quran

Inflectional morphology has its own rules that govern the combinations of morphemes in words and the relationships between parts of speech within a text. Yet, inflection rules including those of number can vary across different linguistic systems. Arabic and English notably contrast in number-based relations. More specifically and within Arabic itself, the Qur’an displays striking cases of number disagreement between grammatical categories within a text, which are only one facet of the Qur’anic multifarious utilization of rhetoric to convey or elucidate a particular message. Translationally, such deviant number-related forms, e.g. using the third person singular verb with the first person plural pronoun as a subject, a plural imperative verb with a singular pronoun or a dual verb with a singular noun etc., can cause unbridgeable a gap. The paper addresses this rhetorical device of numberbased deviation linguistically and translationally as well as the functions it purports to perform in the Qur’anic discourse

Full Text: PDF